“ON THIS DAY IN AMERICAN HISTORY…”
Do you recognize a patriot’s name …Richard Henry Lee? Most of us as Americans do not remember this Virginian that played a most significant role in our independence.
June 7, 1776: The Lee Resolution is presented to the Second Continental Congress. Richard Henry Lee was from the Virginia colony. He was instructed by Edmund Pendleton, the President of the Virginia Convention, to propose the resolution to the august men debating the future of the American Colonies. Pendleton spoke on Wednesday, May 15, 1776 to 112 Members of the Virginia Convention calling for independence from the British Empire. He sent the text of his speech to Richard Lee who then presented it to the Continental Congress as a resolution. John Adams seconded the resolution.
The resolution was then tabled for discussion the next day and still not resolved. By Monday, the Congress opted to postpone the implementation of Lee’s resolution but appointed a committee to “prepare a declaration to the effect of the said first resolution.” On Friday, June 28 a first draft was presented and was ordered to “lie on the table.” On Monday, July 1, Congress began to “take into consideration” the resolution. July 2, Congress declared independence by adopting the Lee Resolution. They considered and debated for two more days and finally, on Thursday, July 4, the Declaration of Independence was approved. The text and list of signatures was entered into the Journal. It would later be formally signed on August 2. http://www.boalmuseum.com/richard-henry-lee-and-the-declaration-of-independence.html
Fellow Virginian, Thomas Jefferson, was one of the youngest members of the Continental Congress, but upon his arrival in 1775 he already had a reputation as a fine writer.
On June 11, 1776, Congress made Jefferson a member of the committee to prepare a formal Declaration of Independence; his fellow committee-members — Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman — decided that Jefferson should prepare the first draft.
Years later, John Adams remembered insisting that Jefferson write: “Reason first — You are a Virginian, and a Virginian ought to appear at the head of this business. Reason second — I am obnoxious, suspected, and unpopular. You are very much otherwise. Reason third — you can write ten times better than I can.” Jefferson responded, “I will do as well as I can.” With a few changes, Jefferson’s work was presented to Congress on June 28, 1776, and approved after several days of revision.
Thomas Jefferson first tried to condemn slavery in America with the Declaration of Independence. Although his original draft of the Declaration contained a condemnation of slavery, the southern states were adamantly opposed to the idea, and the clause was dropped from the final document. In 1784, he again tried to limit slavery, suggesting in a report on America’s new western territory that “after the year 1800 of the Christian era, there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of the said States…”. Again, due largely to the resistance of the southern states, the proposal was rejected. In frustration, the Virginian later commented: “South Carolina, Maryland and Virginia voted against it…The voice of a single individual of the State which was divided, or of one of those which were of the negative, would have prevented this abominable crime from spreading itself over the new country…[I]t is to be hoped…that the friends to the rights of human nature will in the end prevail.